Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Borthwick Institute garden, Peasholme Green

Kiln Number:

Grid Reference: SE60785208


Parish: YORK (1)

Geology: clay

Situation: sloping valley side

Height above OD: 3 m

Water Supply: R Foss 50 m NE

Circumstances of Record: limited research excavation

Excavator/Observer: E King (YEG)

Date of Record: 1970-2

Kiln Type:

Kiln Interior:

Oven Floor:


Site Features and Finds: large, abandoned, probable clay pit with fired clay, charcoal and earth, and raw clay (incl. white clay) dumped in several alternating layers, suggestive of 3 contemporary but separate working-parties, or different sources of material; probable turf revetment to aid tipping of dumped material; large quantities of waste tile, some with legionary stamps of Legio IX Hispania; abundant pottery incl. wasters; clay plates with twig marks; vitrified pieces of kiln-wall; sun-dried bricks and very large bricks (?used in structure of kilns); circular spacers designed for stacking carinated bowls with reeded rim; environmental evidence for Scots pine

Pottery: various orange wares in a wide variety of forms incl. carinated bowls with plain or reeded rim, platters (Cam. 16), flagons with simple flaring neck, pinch-necked jugs, cavetto-rimmed cooking-pots; collared storage-jars and lug-handled bowls (Greene 8, 11), cups and bowls imitating samian forms (Dr. 64. 37), small ovoid and indented breakers with everted rim, exotic bowls with ledged rim (Gillam 302), tazze, costrels with impressed motif-stamps

Date of Pottery: Flavio-Trajanic

Reference(s): King 1974; Britannia 3 (1972) 310; YAJ 44 (1972) 221; ibid. 45 (1973) 202

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Y Mus, York

Comments: site lay just outside defences of York legionary fortress and represents the legionary tilery and pottery operational during the Flavian-Trajanic period; production of pottery (and ?tiles) in the same tradition continued until at least the 3rd century, well after the departure of Legio IX Hispania (Perrin 1977), possibly by civilians on alternative sites, mostly unlocated but incl. Appletree Farm, Haworth, Yorks. N.R., 2.7 km NE