Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Cliffe House Farm, Crambe Field 136

Kiln Number: Kiln 1

Grid Reference: SE73136548



Geology: clay with sand and limestone adjacent

Situation: gently sloping valley side

Height above OD: 75 m

Water Supply: streams within 150 m, R Darwent approx 400 m E

Circumstances of Record: ploughing; limited excavation (excl. kilns) (Wenham), cutting field drains; limited excavation (King and Moore) (kilns)

Excavator/Observer: L P Wenham; E M King , M Moore

Date of Record: 1960-65; 1974

Kiln Type: F??2: small, roughly circular, clay-lined

Kiln Interior: no evidence for internal support

Oven Floor: no definite evidence for permanent raised oven-floor; single fragment of clay with hole pierced in it, not necessarily floor (??superstructure)

Flue: long flue, with clay floor and sandstone-slab walls and roof

Site Features and Finds: T-shaped drier adjacent; very large quern (?possible kick-wheel); settlement, burials and evidence of metal-working in vicinity; possible evidence for further kilns nearby

Pottery: products in Crambeck tradition incl. grey flanged bowls (Gillam 231), dishes (Gillam 320,333), cooking-pots, jars, beakers, and bowls (Crambeck 3, 11, 12, 13)

Date of Pottery: probably mid-late 4

Reference(s): King and Moore 1974 (kilns); Wenham 1966, 20-30 (other features)

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Y Mus,York

Comments: Kilns 1 and 2 belonged to Crambeck industry (see Welburn); no prefab. furniture found in furnace or on site but excavated area very small and any portable supports could have been reused, as on Crambeck main site (p. 111)