Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Cliffe House Farm, Crambe Field 133

Kiln Number: Kiln 2

Grid Reference: SE72886553



Geology: clay with sand and limestone adjacent

Situation: gently sloping valley side

Height above OD: 75 m

Water Supply: streams within 150 m, R Darwent approx 400 m E

Circumstances of Record: ploughing; limited excavation (excl. kilns) (Wenham), cutting field drains; limited excavation (King and Moore) (kilns)

Excavator/Observer: L P Wenham; E M King , M Moore

Date of Record: 1960-65; 1974

Kiln Type: F??: small, circular, clay-lined

Kiln Interior: no evidence for internal support

Oven Floor: no evidence for permanent raised oven-floor (see Commants)

Flue: stone-lined flue

Site Features and Finds: originally, kiln may have been used as oven without flue, with later flue built over part of its stokehole; probable building and pit adjacent

Pottery: vessels in Crambeck tradition incl. bowls limitating samian form Dr. 38, buff wall-sided mortaria, and flagons with moulded face-mask on neck

Date of Pottery: mid-late 4

Reference(s): King and Moore 1974 (kilns); Wenham 1966, 20-30 (other features)

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Y Mus,York

Comments: Kilns 1 and 2 belonged to Crambeck industry (see Welburn); no prefab. furniture found in furnace or on site but excavated area very small and any portable supports could have been reused, as on Crambeck main site (p. 111)