Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Jamie's Crags Quarry, Crambeck

Kiln Number: Kiln C

Grid Reference: SE73376700


Parish: WELBURN (3)

Geology: sand over limestone, with clay pockets

Situation: sloping valley side

Height above OD: 60 m

Water Supply: springs, nearby, R Derwent 400 m E

Circumstances of Record: limited research excavation

Excavator/Observer: P Corder

Date of Record: 1926-7

Kiln Type: F?2: circular, clay-lined, with slabs of limestone laid in the clay on top of furnace-wall (?base for turf super-structure)  

Kiln Interior: no internal support

Oven Floor: no evidence for permanent raised oven-floor, even though kiln-chamber survived to depth of 0.84 m; long flue, walled with stones set in clay, roofed with stone slabs, and floored with clay

Flue: long flue, walled with stones set in clay, roofed with stone slabs, and floored with clay

Site Features and Finds: paved surface around kilns may imply that they lay within building; Kiln C shared stokehole with Kiln D; 'fingered clay fragments' in furnace, not necessarily from an oven-floor

Pottery: Kilns A-C: gray flanged bowls and dishes (Gillam 231, 315), plain dishes (Gillam 320, 333); buff hammer-head mortaria; grey handled cooking-pots and large bowls; bowls imitating samian form Dr. 38, painted 'parchment' wares, beakers, jugs and flagons; Huntcliffe-type cooking-pots possibly also manufactured within Crambeck complex

Date of Pottery: second half of 4 (possibly last 3)

Reference(s): Corder 1928

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Maltion Mus (excavated material and casual finds subsequently salvaged from quarry by workmen etc.)

Comments: Corder assumed clay vent-holed raised oven-floor in Kilns A-D, but good evidence appears to be lacking, and 'broken kiln supports, roughly made clay tiles and bricks', together with finds from quarry face in 1950s-60s, may imply portable furniture (p. 111)