Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Jamie's Crags Quarry, Crambeck

Kiln Number: Kiln A

Grid Reference: SE73376700


Parish: WELBURN (3)

Geology: send over limestone, with clay pockets

Situation: sloping valley side

Height above OD: 60 m

Water Supply: springs nearby, R Derwent 400 m E

Circumstances of Record: limited research excavation

Excavator/Observer: P Corder

Date of Record: 1926-7

Kiln Type: D?2: roughly circular, floored and walled with clay; probably set at Roman ground level

Kiln Interior: no internal support

Oven Floor: no evidence for permanent raised oven-floor

Flue: long, wide, flue, floored with clay and walled with undressed stones, set in clay and corbelled towards (destroyed) roof

Site Features and Finds: Kiln A shared stokehole with Kiln B; kiln cut by later cist burial; another similer burial adjacent and further (destroyed) burials recorded in 19th century; 2 stone buildings nearby; clay bylindrical prop; further kilns probably destroyed in quarry

Pottery: Kilns A-C: gray flanged bowls and dishes (Gillam 231, 315), plain dishes (Gillam 320, 333); buff hammer-head mortaria; grey handled cooking-pots and large bowls; bowls imitating samian form Dr. 38, painted 'parchment' wares, beakers, jugs and flagons; Huntcliffe-type cooking-pots possibly also manufactured within Crambeck complex

Date of Pottery: second half of 4 (possibly last third)

Reference(s): Corder 1928

Source of Information:

Location of Finds:

Comments: alleged fragment of vent-holed platform (Corder 1928, fig. 16) looks more like clay superstructure, as vent-hole is small and not properly formed; Corder assumed clay vent-holed raised oven-floor in Kilns A-D, but good evidence appears to be lacking, and 'broken kiln supports, roughly made clay tiles and bricks', together with finds from quarry-face in 1950s-60s, may imply portable furniture (p.111)