Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: S of Mount Pleasant Farm (E of Whitwell-on the-Hill)

Kiln Number: Kiln 1

Grid Reference: SE72716670


Parish: WELBURN (1)

Geology: sand over limestone, with clay pockets

Situation: gently sloping hill-side

Height above OD: 80 m

Water Supply: pond 150 m W, R Derwent 750 m SE

Circumstances of Record: building a dual carriageway; limited salvage and rescue excavation

Excavator/Observer: P Corder

Date of Record: 1936

Kiln Type: F?2: small, circular, clay-lined, with cobble floor and evidence of reconstruction (partly destroyed before record)

Kiln Interior: no internal support

Oven Floor: no evidence for raised oven-floor

Flue: long, wide, bulbous flue, walled with roughly-dressed stone slabs set in clay and with flooring of natural limestone left in situ

Site Features and Finds: Kiln 1 shared stokehole with Kiln 2; surface indications suggest further probable kilns in same field; site lay 700 m SW of main Crambeck kiln complex (F694-7) and was an outlier in the same general industry

Pottery: Kiln 1 and 2: Crambeck ware grey flanged dishes and bowls (Gillam 315, 231), plain dishes (Gillam 320, 333), handled cooking -pots; buff hammer-head mortaria, parchment-ware bowls (some painted), bowls imitating samian form Dr. 38, flagons and beakers

Date of Pottery: mid-late 4

Reference(s): Corder and Birley 1937

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Malton Mus

Comments: Corder assumed that Kilns 1 and 2 had had a permanent, clay, vented, raised, oven-floor (destroyed before record), but prefab. temporary props may have been involved and removed for reuse elsewhere, as discussed (p.111) for Crambeck main complex (Welburn 3)