Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Rossington Bridge Pumping Station

Kiln Number: RBPS Kiln 4

Grid Reference: SK63269992


Parish: CANTLEY (1)

Geology: gravel and sand

Situation: sloping valley side

Height above OD: 7 m

Water Supply: R Torne 100 m SE

Circumstances of Record: building a pumping station; limited salvage and rescue excavation

Excavator/Observer: J R Lidster

Date of Record: 1959

Kiln Type: F?5 or 6: circular, clay-lined, with evidence of relining

Kiln Interior: (c): 2 long, rectangular, clay pedestals, set centrally side by side and parallel to flue-axis; in process of relining, these had become attached to back wall of kiln

Oven Floor: no raised oven-floor survived in situ (?clay bars)

Flue: clay-line flue

Site Features and Finds: 10 further kilns (unexcav.) implied by geophysical survey; possible potters' timber workshop containing hearth/ oven; pits; Roman road nearby and river-crossing approx 150 m S; trimmed Millstone grit querns (?kick-wheels); pebbles incl. reused Neolithic axe (?burnishing tools); stokehole of Kiln 4 shared with Kiln 5; kiln site at Rossington Bridge Farm lay 250 m SSE, on opposite side of R Torne

Pottery: whole site: grey cavetto-rimmed rustlcated jars; copies of BB cooking-pots, bowls, and dishes; local-type cooking-pots with handles, lid-sealed jars, large bowls, lids, round-based colanders, segmental flanged bowls, indented beakers with ?roller-stamping small jars with everted rim, triple-vases, many vessels burnished; 'parisian' ware incl. cup-mouted flasks, cordoned bead-rimmed beakers, and avoid beaker/jars, some with impressed motif-stamps but incl. name-stamp of C Valerius Diccia; flanged mortaria with name-stamps of potters, Sarrius, Setibogius, and Secundus; handmade BB1 latticed cooking-pots, bowls, dog-dishes, and dishes macroscopically indistingulshable from Dorset products

Date of Pottery: within 135/140-170 but production of BBI possibly continued until c. 180/190

Reference(s): Buckland et al. 1980, incl. figs. 3 and 4, nos. 1, 6, 9, 10, 16, 17. 19-22, 32, fig. 5 (selected details only); Elsdon 1982, 19, 24, 25, 35-6, 48, fig. 9, nos. 31-2; Doncaster Mus Records

Source of Information: J Samuels and M J Dolby

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus

Comments: production of BB proper implles migration to site of Durotrigian potters from Dorset; mortarium potter Sarrius had previously worked at, or still had his main branch at Mancetter (for relationships in kiln types see p. 106); Rossington BB1 and mortaria were exported to NE military sites, and 'parisian' ware was recored on two Antonine Wall sites and at Birrens, Newstead and Ambleside