Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Howe Road, Model Farm Estate

Kiln Number: Kiln 3

Grid Reference: SE79787095

County: YORKSHIRE: EAST RIDING AND YORK

Parish: NORTON (2)

Geology: sand and gravel over warp and lacustrine clay

Situation: gently slopping valley side

Height above OD: 25 m

Water Supply: stream 550 m NW, R Derwent 700 m NW

Circumstances of Record: building houses estate; limited salvage excavation

Excavator/Observer: R H Hayes and E Whitley

Date of Record: 1948-9

Kiln Type: F2 or 4: circular, clay-lined, bowl-shaped

Kiln Interior: (a): 4 prefab., banana-shaped, clay props, leaning against sloping kiln-wall and lightly luted to it (Fig. 39); 2 prefab., rectangular, clay blocks (found in kiln-chamber but not in situ); portions of pot-bases embedded in furnace-walls, level with top of supports (?to key in load)

Oven Floor: no evidence found for raised oven-floor

Flue: long flue of large, dressed limestone blocks (damaged at stokehole end)

Site Features and Finds: grass-tempered, slightly curved, fired-clay 'dome plates' and plain disc plates; burial overlay flue; another possible adjacent kiln destroyed by Kiln 3

Pottery: grey dishes and bowls with bead-rim (Gillam 311), dog-dishes with constriction below rim, narrow-mouthed jars, cavetto-rimmed cooking pots, flasks, small face-vases, ovoid jar with everted rim (?devolved poppy-head beaker), ?also grey flanged mortaria; possibly also calcite-gritted Knapton-type cooking-pots

Date of Pottery: ?first half of 3

Reference(s): Hayes and Whitley 1950; Robinson 1978, 38-9, Sites 330-53

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Malton Mus; Y Mus, York; Lincoln CC mus (pottery-type series)

Comments: the raised oven-floor of perforated bars, supported on blocks and banana props, of Corder's conjectural reconstruction (in Hayes and Whitley), seems unstable and improbable (pp. 109-10)