Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Howe Road, Model Farm Estate

Kiln Number: Kiln 2

Grid Reference: SE79787095


Parish: NORTON (2)

Geology: sand and gravel over warp and lacustrine clay

Situation: gently slopping valley side

Height above OD: 25 m

Water Supply: stream 550 m NW, R Derwent 700 m NW

Circumstances of Record: building houses estate; limited salvage excavation

Excavator/Observer: R H Hayes and E Whitley

Date of Record: 1948-9

Kiln Type: F3: circular, lined with clay, bowl-shaped

Kiln Interior: no support found in situ

Oven Floor: no evidence for raised oven-floor

Flue: long flue, of undressed stone blocks set in clay and corbelled inwards towards roof (destroyed but probably of sandstone slabs)

Site Features and Finds: T-shaped flue (pottery or grain drying-floor) E of Kilns 1-3; several paved floors (?workshops) and many querns nearby; kilns appeared to have been sited within ditched plots or enclosures in SE part of Norton vicus/industrial complex, supplying Malton fort; grass-tempered, slightly curved 'dome plates', plain flat disc plates, and pinched curved pieces of clay (?for stacking); kiln overlaid by later burial

Pottery: gray wares incl.deep bead-rimmed bowls (Gillam 224) without chamfer; S-shaped bowls, cavetto-rimmed jars with looped handles and wavy-line decoration on shoulder

Date of Pottery: ?second third of 3

Reference(s): Hayes and Whitley 1950; Robinson 1978, 38-9, Sites 330-53

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Malton Mus; Y Mus, York; Lincoln CC mus (pottery-type series)

Comments: Kiln 2 post-dated Kiln 1 and had been built at higher level