Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Howe Road, Model Farm Estate

Kiln Number: Kiln 1

Grid Reference: SE79787095


Parish: NORTON (2)

Geology: sand and gravel over warp and lacustrine clay

Situation: gently slopping valley side

Height above OD: 25 m

Water Supply: stream 550 m NW, R Derwent 700 m NW

Circumstances of Record: building houses estate; limited salvage excavation

Excavator/Observer: R H Hayes and E Whitley

Date of Record: 1948-9

Kiln Type: F?2 or 5: small, oval, clay-lined

Kiln Interior: ?(m): lip of kiln-wall used for resting ends of bars; no supporting furniture found in situ  

Oven Floor: raised oven-floor (not in situ) of tongue-shaped bars with bilobed end (?shaped for resting on kiln-lip)

Flue: long, clay-lined flue (damaged at one end prior to record)

Site Features and Finds: T-shaped flue (pottery or grain drying-floor) E of Kilns 1-3; several paved floors (?workshops) and many querns nearby; kilns appeared to have been sited within ditched plots or enclosures in SE part of Norton vicus/industrial complex, supplying Malton fort

Pottery: grey wares incl. plain dog-dishes and bead-rimmed bowls and dishes (Gillam, 223/311), all with small chamfer; bowls with incipient flange (Gillam 226), cavetto-rimmed jars (a few with looped handles, local-type biconical carinated bowls, plain ovoid jars with everted rim (? devolved poppy-head beakers) narrow-mouthed necked jars, S-shaped bowls, ?indented beakers; calcite-gritted wares absent

Date of Pottery: within c. 200-240

Reference(s): Hayes and Whitley 1950; Robinson 1978, 38-9, Sites 330-53

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Malton Mus; Y Mus, York; Lincoln CC Mus (pottery-type series)

Comments: stokehole of Kiln 1 had been party overlain by Kiln 3; Kiln 1 also pre-dated Kiln 2