Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: S of Hasholme Hall

Kiln Number: Kiln 3

Grid Reference: SE82243275

County: YORKSHIRE: EAST RIDING AND YORK

Parish: HOLME UPON SPALDING MOOR (1)

Geology: blown sand containing iron lumps, overlying clay

Situation: slight hillock

Height above OD: 3 m

Water Supply: R Foulness 250 m S; possible earlier course of river nearer to kilns than at present

Circumstances of Record: ploughing; limited excavation

Excavator/Observer: J D Hicks, J A Wilson, P Halkon

Date of Record: 1969/71, late 1975s-early 1980s

Kiln Type: D?2/4: internally oval, cut out of a compacted deposit of clay dumped in a shallow scoop (badly eroded by ploughing)

Kiln Interior: ?(a)/(c): no internal fittings left in situ (probably stripped out on abandonment of kiln) but 'scars' suggest arrangement as in Kiln 2

Oven Floor: no evidence of raised oven-floor survived; interior of kiln stripped out on abandonment and subsequently eroded by ploughing

Flue: long flue, cut out of dump of clay

Site Features and Finds: 'flat clay floor block' (?support) found in back-fill of kiln-chamber; sunken stokehole back-filled with material from waster-heap; Kiln 3 lay immediately adjacent to Kiln 2

Pottery: same general range as other kilns on site incl. grey 'Throlam' ware dishes (Gillam 313, 315), bowls (Gillam 223/225) and flanged bowls (Gillam 231), sometimes with external wavy-line decoration; large local-type bowls with everted rim and wavy-line decoration, narrow-mouthed jars with landles and 'moulded' rim, large cooking-pots with looped handles (Gillam 40), Dales-type cooking-pots in gritty and non-gritty fabric

Date of Pottery: mid/late 3-early/mid 4

Reference(s): Hicks and Wilson 1975, 49-70

Source of Information: Hull TA Mus Records

Location of Finds: Hull TA Mus

Comments: Kilns 1-3 may possibly have been slightly earlier than those at Throlam itself; for discussion of kiln type and its relationships see pp. 123-4