Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: S of Hasholme Hall

Kiln Number: Kiln 2

Grid Reference: SE82243275

County: YORKSHIRE: EAST RIDING AND YORK

Parish: HOLME UPON SPALDING MOOR (1)

Geology: blown sand containing iron lumps, overlying clay

Situation: slight hillock

Height above OD: 3 m

Water Supply: R Foulness 250 m S; possible earlier course of river nearer to kilns than at present

Circumstances of Record: ploughing; limited excavation; field-walking

Excavator/Observer: J D Hicks, J A Wilson, P Halkon

Date of Record: 1969/71, late 1975s-early 1980s

Kiln Type: D?2/4: oval; clay walls of kiln built free-standing on a base of dumped clay, set in bottom of hole cut into an earlier silted-up ditch, and aligned along its axis

Kiln Interior: (a)/(c): long, slightly curved, but near-rectangular, thin, prefab., clay slabs, set on edge in centre of kiln, parallel to flue-axis; (h): integral clay, internal step at bottom of kiln-wall

Oven Floor: clay slabs spanning central area between supports; wedge-shaped bars (not in situ, but ?used to span ledge and pedestals or ?positioned randomly within load; pots were also probably placed to span this gap):

Flue: short flue cut through dump of clay

Site Features and Finds: Kiln 2 lay immediately adjacent to Kiln 3

Pottery: range as Kilns 1 and 3 but with higher proportion of gritty Dales-type cooking-pots from stokehole than was found in association with those kilns

Date of Pottery: mid/late 3-early/mid 4

Reference(s): Hicks and Wilson 1975, 49-70; Halkon 1983

Source of Information: Hull TA Mus Records

Location of Finds: Hull TA Mus

Comments: Kilns 1-3 may possibly have been slightly earlier than those at Throlam itself; for discussion of kiln type and its relationships see pp. 123-4