Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: S of Hasholme Hall

Kiln Number: Kiln 1 (Halkon's Site H1)

Grid Reference: SE82243275



Geology: blown sand containing iron lumps, overlying clay

Situation: slight hillock

Height above OD: 3 m

Water Supply: R Foulness 250 m S; possible earlier course of river nearer to kilns than at present

Circumstances of Record: ploughing; limited excavation; field-walking

Excavator/Observer: J D Hicks, J A Wilson, P Halkon

Date of Record: 1969/71, late 1975s-early 1980s

Kiln Type: D??2/4: internally oval, cut out of a compacted deposit of clay (?platform base) dumped in a shallow scoop; sand banked up against kiln-walls (badly eroded by ploughing)

Kiln Interior: no supports found in situ; interior fitments of kiln probably stripped out on its abandonment

Oven Floor: no evidence of raised oven-floor survived; interior of kiln stripped out on abandonment and subsequently eroded by ploughing

Flue: long flue, cut out of clay dump

Site Features and Finds: sunken stokehole and kiln-chamber back-filled with material from waster-heap incl. 3 burnishing stones; kiln sited near partly filled-in ditch belonging to earlier (1st century) complex of settlement/ enclosures; iron-smelting furnace nearby; geophysical survey suggests further kilns or furnaces in vicinity; surface evidence of further iron-working to E at SE824328; 'old marl pits' nearby may indicate former clay-diggings for RB industry

Pottery: grey 'Throlam' ware dishes (Gillam 313, 315), bowls (Gillam 223/225) and flanged bowls (Gillam 231), sometimes with external wavy-line decoration; large local-type bowls with everted rim and wavy-line decoration, narrow mouthed jars with handles and 'moulded' rim, large cooking-pots with looped handles (Gillam 40), Dales-type cooking-pots in gritty and non-gritty fabric

Date of Pottery: mid/late 3-early/mid 4

Reference(s): Hicks and Wilson 1975, 49-70; Halkon 1983

Source of Information: Hull TA Mus Records

Location of Finds: Hull TA Mus

Comments: Kilns 1-3 may possibly have been slightly earlier than those at Throlam itself; for discussion of kiln type and its relationships see pp. 123-4