Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Grimscar Wood, Fixby

Kiln Number:

Grid Reference: SE13031901



Geology: alternating beds of sandstones and clay

Situation: sloping valley side

Height above OD: 150 m

Water Supply: spring adjacent

Circumstances of Record: limited research excavation

Excavator/Observer: J S Hallam; T G Manby and J G Purdy (Huddersfield Mus and Heath Grammar School, Halifax)

Date of Record: 1955-6; 1964

Kiln Type: H6: rectangular, cut into natural sandstone, with side walls of local free-stone bonded with clay

Kiln Interior: (e): 'a series of transverse piers' (i.e. cross-walls), probably of sandstone 'left standing', and consolidated with clay

Oven Floor: raised oven-floor of sandstone slabs, under-vaulted with sandstone and tile

Flue: flue of coursed sandstone blocks and flat tiles

Site Features and Finds: wasters-heaps of ash, burnt sandstone, charcoal, tile and pottery wasters, suggestive of more than one kiln; large quantities of tiles incl. tegulae, imbrices, square and circular pilae, voussoir, box and flooring tiles; some tiles stamped COH III BRE; circular kiln-prop; 'archid cave' found in 1590 may have been same kiln; pottery and tiles were produced by Fourth Cohort of Breuci, stationed at Slack fort

Pottery: hemispherical bowls with reeded rim, cooking-pots with everted rim, cavetto-rimmed jars with grooves at bottom of neck, shouldered jars (Gillam 100), flagons (Usk/Darling 2), chese-presses, narrow-mouthed jars, lids, all in orange fabric; also mortaria (none published)

Date of Pottery: within Flavian-Hadrianic period

Reference(s): Hallam 1965; Purdy and Menby 1973

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Huddersfield Mus

Comments: kiln assumed to have been used for tile manufacture, but nature and quantity of pottery imply that both were made on the site and possibly in the same kiln, as in other contemporary tileries (pp.87-9)