Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Carr Lane, Bessacarr

Kiln Number: Cantley Kiln 43

Grid Reference: SE61080041


Parish: DONCASTER (1)

Geology: sand and gravel with clay pockets

Situation: sloping valley side

Height above OD: 7 m

Water Supply: stream nearby, pond 250 m NE

Circumstances of Record: projected building; advance-rescue excavation

Excavator/Observer: P C Buckland and J R Magilton

Date of Record: 1974

Kiln Type: F?4/5: small, roughly ciruclar, clay-lined, with bottom lining mostly destroyed by raking out

Kiln Interior: (h): integral, narrow, clay fledge, moulded into kiln-wall, continuous except over flue-arch; no evidence for pedestal-support (kiln diameter possibly too small to necessitate a permanent one);  

Oven Floor: no raised oven-floor in situ (probably bars)

Flue: clay-lined flue

Site Features and Finds: very deep stokehole suggests that fire may have burnt here rather than in the steeply sloping flue; Kiln 44 (35 m S of main group) mostly destroyed before record, but possibly surface-built (cf. Blexton and Branton)

Pottery: flanged and hammer-head mortaria (none stamped or painted); grey wares generally similar to types found elsewhere on Cantley Estate; material not yet fully processed

Date of Pottery: ?within late 2-mid 3

Reference(s): Buckland et al. 1980 (selected details only)

Source of Information: P Buckland

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus

Comments: Kilns 40-44 lay within probable earlier system of field-boundary ditches, spread over large area; small hearth SE of kilns; Cantley Estate kilns lay approx 100 m N