Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Carr Lane, Bessacarr

Kiln Number: Cantley Kiln 42

Grid Reference: SE61080041


Parish: DONCASTER (1)

Geology: sand and gravel with clay pockets

Situation: sloping valley side

Height above OD: 7 m

Water Supply: stream nearby, pond 250 m NE

Circumstances of Record: projected building; advance-rescue excavation

Excavator/Observer: P C Buckland and J R Magilton

Date of Record: 1974

Kiln Type: F6: circular, thickly lined with clay in 2 stages, with upper part (above bar level) set outside inner edge of lower wall, and leaning inwards

Kiln Interior: (c): pedestal-support comprising a ring of clay, pierced opposite the flue; (h): ledge formed by setting back upper part of kiln-wall

Oven Floor: composite raised oven-floor of 8 clay bars, or bar-like flooring joined to kiln-wall

Flue: clay-lined flue, cut by clay storage or 'puddling' pit, itself cut by large pit containing possible residue of 'clampings' from an adjacent kiln

Site Features and Finds: very large stokehole (not completely excavated); Kiln 42 cut through stokehole of Kiln 40

Pottery: grey wares generally similar to types found elsewhere on Cantley Estate; material not yet fully processed

Date of Pottery: ?within late 2-mid 3

Reference(s): Buckland et al. 1980 (selected details only)

Source of Information: P Buckland

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus

Comments: Kilns 40-44 lay within probable earlier system of field-boundary ditches, spread over large area; small hearth SE of kilns; Cantley Estate kilns lay approx 100 m N