Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Carr Lane, Bessacarr

Kiln Number: Cantley Kiln 41

Grid Reference: SE61080041


Parish: DONCASTER (1)

Geology: sand and gravel with clay pockets

Situation: sloping valley side

Height above OD: 7 m

Water Supply: stream nearby, pond 250 m NE

Circumstances of Record: projected building; advance-rescue excavation

Excavator/Observer: P C Buckland and J R Magilton

Date of Record: 1974

Kiln Type: F?5/6: roughly pear-shaped, lined with clay containing occasional cobbles; clay in bottom of chamber worn away by raking; marks suggestive of use of ?wooden spatula, with rounded end, to smooth walls of kiln-chamber

Kiln Interior: (c): 2 roughly rectangular, clay pedestals, positioned side by side near cantre of kiln, almost parallel but further apart at back of kiln; (j): fragments of 2 slight 'ledges' for resting ends of bars

Oven Floor: no raised oven-floor in situ (?clay bars removed for reuse elsewhere)

Flue: clay-lined flue

Site Features and Finds: stokehole cut away by later linear features; Kiln 41 post-dated Kilns 40 and 42

Pottery: grey wares generally similar to types found elsewhere on Cantley Estate, incl. jars with subdued rustication: material not yet fully processed

Date of Pottery: ?late 2

Reference(s): Buckland et al. 1980 (selected details only)

Source of Information: P Buckland

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus

Comments: Kilns 40-44 lay within probable earlier system of field-boundary ditches, spread over large area; small hearth SE of kilns; Cantley Estate kilns lay approx 100 m N