Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Carr Lane, Bessacarr

Kiln Number: Cantley Kiln 40

Grid Reference: SE61080041


Parish: DONCASTER (1)

Geology: sand and gravel with clay pockets

Situation: sloping valley side

Height above OD: 7 m

Water Supply: stream nearby, pond 250 m NE

Circumstances of Record: projected building; advance-rescue excavation

Excavator/Observer: P C Buckland and J R Magilton

Date of Record: 1974

Kiln Type: F5/6: near-circular, lined with clay incorporating some cobbles

Kiln Interior: (c): single, long, rectangular, central clay pedestal; ?(k): 2 indentations sunk in kiln-wall where bars had been luted into position

Oven Floor: no oven-floor survived in situ (probably 12 radiating clay bars)

Flue: clay-lined flue

Site Features and Finds: stokehole cut away by later pit, itself cut by Kiln 42; kiln had been probably back-filled after final firing

Pottery: grey wares generally similar to types found elsewhere on Cantley Estate, incl. bowls with incipient flange imitating black-burnished ware type (Gillam 226): material not yet fully processed

Date of Pottery: probably end of 2-shortly before mid 3

Reference(s): Buckland et al. 1980 (selected details only)

Source of Information: P Buckland

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus

Comments: Kilns 40-44 lay within probable earlier system of field-boundary ditches, spread over large area; small hearth SE of kilns; Cantley Estate kilns lay approx 100 m N