Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Cantley Estate, North Kiln Group Lewyns Drive

Kiln Number: Kiln 2

Grid Reference: SE61610243


Parish: DONCASTER (4)

Geology: sand and gravel with pockets of clay

Situation: very gently sloping, slight spur

Height above OD: 12 m

Water Supply: brook(s) in general vicinity

Circumstances of Record: building housing estate: limited rescue excavation

Excavator/Observer: F K Annable

Date of Record: 1953

Kiln Type: F5 or ?6: circular, clay-lined, with evidence for internal relining in phase 2

Kiln Interior: (c): long, rectangular, central, clay pedestal, aligned on flue-axis (phase 2); (h): continuous, integral, clay ledge, formed by sharply cutting back kiln-wall (remade in internal relining of kiln-chamber in phase 2)

Oven Floor: heavy, prefab. clay bars, wedge-shaped and roughly undercut at each end for stability (one in situ); large perforated bars from stokehole may also have been used in Kiln 2

Flue: flue-arch cut through massive, solid-clay frontal block, with buttresses to clay flue-cheeks added in phase 2

Site Features and Finds: alignment of flue altered in phase 2: quern, and charcoal of birch, buckthorn, ?maple and oak, in stokehole

Pottery: grey local-type burnished jars (some with handles), wide-mouthed bowls, dishes, lid-seated jars, cooking-pots with linear rustication, stamped parisian wares, bowls decorated with grooves and cordons copying samian form Dr. 37; flanged mortaria

Date of Pottery: within c. 135-late 2

Reference(s): Annable 1960; idem 1954, 403-4

Source of Information: P C Buckland

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus

Comments: 'fishponds' and adjacent depressions, approx 140 m NNE of kiln, probably represent former clay-pits, serving this and other kilns in Cantley pottery industry