Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Cantley Estate, East Kiln Group E of Birch Road

Kiln Number: Kiln 25

Grid Reference: SE61870187


Parish: DONCASTER (3)

Geology: sand and gravel with pockets of clay

Situation: very gently sloping valley side

Height above OD: 11 m

Water Supply: brook(s) in general vicinity

Circumstances of Record: digging pipe trench for new housing estate; limited salvage and rescue excavation

Excavator/Observer: S M Cregeen

Date of Record: 1954

Kiln Type: F?3: circular, clay-lined, deeply set, cylindrical-shaped

Kiln Interior: (c): large, quadrangular, solid-clay, central pedestal, undercut from top to base

Oven Floor: no bars associated and no evidence on kiln-wall for former existence of raised oven-floor (?single-chambered kiln)

Flue: flue cut through massive, solid-clay block, added separately to front of kiln (cf. Kilns 8; 6, 20); top of flue-arch lay above top of pedestal (i.e. above probable level of raised oven-floor)

Site Features and Finds:

Pottery: grey cavetto-rimmed cooking-pots with burnished lattice-decoration, deep dishes, large storage-jars and local-type heavy wide-mouthed bowls (no detailed record of pottery survives)

Date of Pottery: ?mid/late 2+

Reference(s): Cregeen 1956, 42-5, pls. III-IV; idem 1957 (pottery mostly not attributed to individual kilns)

Source of Information:

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus

Comments: impressions on kiln-wall may imply the use of an implement (7a trowel) for applying the clay