Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Cantley Estate, South Kiln Group St Wilfrid's Road/Goodison Boulevard

Kiln Number: Kiln 33

Grid Reference: SE61430142


Parish: DONCASTER (2)

Geology: sand and gravel with pockets of clay

Situation: very gently sloping valley side

Height above OD: 20 m

Water Supply: brooks in general vicinity

Circumstances of Record: building a housing estate; limited rescue excavation

Excavator/Observer: J R Lidster

Date of Record: 1957

Kiln Type: F6: small, oval, clay-lined

Kiln Interior: (c): 3 cylindrical clay pedestals, 2 near flue and one at back of kiln-chamber; (h): continuous integral clay ledge

Oven Floor: clusters of radiating prefab. clay bars overplastered with clay (in situ)downwards to very large stokehole

Flue: long flue thickly lined with clay and sloping

Site Features and Finds: kiln-chamber deliberately back-filled (?on disuse) with burnt clay and stained sand (?from 'clamping' of load during firing); perforated clay disc (?for stacking load) and decorated pottery brush-handle abandoned in kiln-chamber

Pottery: reeded and plain hammer-head mortaria with white slip (some decorated on rim/flange with painted lines in groups of three), flanged mortaria, bowls with red polished slip imitating samian forms (Dr. 31, 36, 38), segmental bowls, some with painted stripes on lip; grey lipped pie-dishes with blunt triangular rim and flanged bowls copying BB types; local-type barrel-shaped jars (some with countersunk handles), large shouldered bowls and cheese-presses

Date of Pottery: probably first half of 4

Reference(s): Buckland et al. 1980. fig. 2, no. 1, fig. 3, no. 3, fig. 4, no. 34 (selected details only); Doncaster Mus Records

Source of Information: M J Dolby and P C Buckland

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus

Comments: 2 cuboid pedestals had been added to sides of kiln during its life (?as wall-buttresses or as extra supports for the raised oven-floor); possibly due to subsidence because Kiln 33 overlay Kiln 37