Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Cantley Estate, South Kiln Group Sycamore School, St Wilfrid's Road

Kiln Number: Kiln 32

Grid Reference: SE61380138


Parish: DONCASTER (2)

Geology: sand and gravel with pockets of clay

Situation: very gently sloping valley side

Height above OD: 20 m

Water Supply: brooks in general vicinity

Circumstances of Record: digging foundations for construction of school; limited salvage excavation

Excavator/Observer: J R Lidster

Date of Record: 1957

Kiln Type: F: small, circular, thinly lined with clay, deeply set, with textile impressions on interior

Kiln Interior: (c): central, circular (?hollow), clay pedestal; (k): 'notches' poked into kiln-wall for insertion of bar-ends

Oven Floor: 7 radial, prefab. clay bars, over-plastered with clay

Flue: short, clay-lined flue, added separately to kiln-chamber; flue had sagged away from kiln-wall during firing and kiln-wall above it was fired hard on exterior

Site Features and Finds: large stokehole (only partially excavated); 2 short, clay ledges moulded into kiln-wall (one above flue and one at back of kiln), well above level of raised oven-floor (?for stabilizing load by keying it into kiln-wall (p. 41) or ??to aid potter loading oven

Pottery: reeded and plain hammer-head mortaria with white slip (some decorated on rim/flange with painted lines in groups of three), bowls with red polished slip imitating samian forms (Dr. 31, 36, 38), segmental bowls, some with painted stripes on lip; grey lipped pie-dishes with blunt triangular rim and flanged bowls copying BB types; local-type barrel-shaped jars (some with countersunk handles), and large shouldered bowls; generally similar to products of Kilns 33 and 34

Date of Pottery: probably first half of 4

Reference(s): Buckland et al. 1980, fig.2, no.2 (selected details only); Doncaster Mus Records

Source of Information: M J Dolby and P C Buckland

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus