Details of relevant entry in The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain by Vivien Swan

As utilised in the website hosted by Oxford Archaeology on behalf of the Study Group for Roman Pottery

Site Name: Cantley Estate, South Kiln Group Sycamore School, St Wilfrid's Road

Kiln Number: Kiln 31

Grid Reference: SE61360140


Parish: DONCASTER (2)

Geology: sand and gravel with pockets of clay

Situation: very gently sloping valley side

Height above OD: 20 m

Water Supply: brooks in general vicinity

Circumstances of Record: digging foundations for construction of school; limited salvage excavation

Excavator/Observer: J R Lidster

Date of Record: 1957

Kiln Type: F5 or 6: circular, clay-lined, deeply set, with cloth impressions on kiln-wall

Kiln Interior: (c): 2 central, long, rectangular, parallel, clay pedestals, aligned on flue-axis; (j)/(k): clay niches for fire-bars, one moulded into kiln-wall (full details unrecorded)

Oven Floor: probably clay bars (none in situ)

Flue: short, clay-lined flue, added after construction of kiln-chamber; relatively steep (25°) slope of flue upwards to furnace-chamber may imply that fire rested largely in stokehole

Site Features and Finds: large stokehole; 2 clay niches moulded into kiln-wall (one at back of kiln and one over flue), above tops of pedestals and above level of raised oven-floor; thought to have served as foot-holes for potter loading kiln; or ??to have aided stability of load by keying it into kiln-wall (p. 41)

Pottery: reeded and plain hammer-head mortaria with white slip (some decorated on rim/flange with painted lines in groups of three), bowls with red polished slip imitating samian forms (Dr. 31, 36, 38), segmental bowls, some with painted stripes on lip; grey lipped pie-dishes with blunt triangular rim and flanged bowls copying BB types; local-type barrel-shaped jars (some with countersunk handles), and large shouldered bowls; generally similar to products of Kilns 33 and 34

Date of Pottery: probably first half of 4

Reference(s): Buckland et al. 1980 (selected details only); Doncaster Mus Records

Source of Information: M J Dolby and P C Buckland

Location of Finds: Doncaster Mus