R.A.S.

Members Login Join Us

ROMAN ANTIQUITIES SECTION


Gazetteer of ROMAN  Yorkshire
Military Settlements Roads Miscellaneous Villas Roads
Interactive Roman Yorkshire Map Help Using Gazetteer
Web design by Mike Haken

Home

About RAS

Roman Remains

Gazetteer of Roman Yorkshire

Links & Resources

Contact Us

YAS Website

External Webpages & Links
Carlesmoor
Fortress Dykes Claimed Roman Camp
N. Yorkshire, SE 178 731
Carlesmoor Camp Pastscape Page

Sited on the gently sloping eastern margin of Carlesmoor at an altitude 259m, this site (scheduled in 1971) is often claimed to be  a Roman camp, and is indeed known locally as Roman fort. Pollen analysis of material from the north rampart has suggested a Romano-British date for the earthwork, with sporadic use into the Dark Ages, however it’s form is most unlike conventional Roman construction. An early account of the site by E. S. Woods is said to describe stone ramparts, but there is no current evidence of this and it seems likely that this is a confusion with the nearby site of Camp Hill, Grewelthorpe. Enclosing an area of about three quarters of a hectare, the earth-work is sub-rectangular, and irregular, surrounded on three sides by an inner and outer bank with an intervening ditch. Maximum height of the banks above the ditch level, (in SW corner) is 2.5 m, 1.5 m above surrounding ground surface. The southern margin of the enclosure is markedly convex, and where structures remain the corners are seen to be curved. On the eastern side no bank or ditch is now visible but a slight break of slope testifies to the possible former existence of a bank. A stream passes through the larger of two breaks in the western rampart and flows east, parallel with the northern rampart. A track enters the enclosure at this point and passes through the southern rampart at a point where inturned banks suggest an original entrance. Traces of a low mound 30 m long within enclosure run parallel to Northern margin. Impressions of a circular structure sometimes claimed to be a hut circle lie adjacent to the inner mound in the North-east corner of the enclosure.  

The fact that there is only one apparent entrance makes Roman origin seem highly unlikely, but not impossible. Claim has been made for this to be a construction camp for the supposed Roman road from Kilgram Bridge to Ripley, but even if such a road existed, there is no evidence that it went across Carlesmoor .

Further earthworks and a probable field system apparently relating to the enclosure (Pastscape) are clearly visible on aerial photographs, suggesting that this is a Late Iron Age or Romano British settlement site.


SOURCES

TINSLEY H M SMITH R T 1974 YAJ 46. ECOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS AT A ROMANO-BRITISH EARTHWORK IN THE YORKS PENNINES.

North Yorkshire HER accessed 4/12/13 via Heritage Gateway http://www.heritagegateway.org.uk/Gateway/Results_Single.aspx?uid=MNY29271&resou rceID=1009