R.A.S.

Members Login Join Us

ROMAN ANTIQUITIES SECTION


Gazetteer of ROMAN  Yorkshire
Military Settlements Roads Miscellaneous Villas Roads
Interactive Roman Yorkshire Map Help Using Gazetteer
Web design by Mike Haken

Home

About RAS

Roman Remains

Gazetteer of Roman Yorkshire

Links & Resources

Contact Us

YAS Website

On the E side of lower Swaledale, 1.2km NE of the confluence of the Rivers Swale and Wiske, and 250m S of Breckenbrough Castle Farm, the cropmarks of the S angle of a camp have been recorded at 30m above OD. It occupies a slight hillock, in gently undulating terrain, with the ground rising a little towards the NE part of the enclosure. The camp affords good views in all directions. Only about 70m of the SW side and approximately 200m of the SE side have been photographed. The cropmark of the ?? ditch is broken for 17m, about 130m from the angle; this is presumably a causeway for a gate, a suggestion strengthened by the fact that there is a slight change of alignment in the ditch at this point. Although only 5km to the E of Dere Street, the main Roman road in the area, the site is relatively isolated in that the road was constructed on the western side of the valley; the access to the eastern side would have been relatively easy only at Catterick, more than 20km to the NW (1a). (1)


The APs (Authy 1a) show the ditch of a Roman camp, of which only parts of the SW and SE sides with a typical rounded corner can be seen in one field only, which was under crop when the flight was made. On the SE, there is a distinct break of an entrance, but no clavicula or titulum is visible. There is no trace on the AP of the ditch continuing NE into the pasture, or NW into a field where the harvested crop was still lying. There is no trace of this camp on the ground, and it is no longer possible to determine its original size and shape from the ground configuration. The site is on a slight hillock in a gently undulating landscape; this affords good views all around, but no natural defence. The highest point on the part of the camp identifiable on APs is the extreme NE end of the ditch where it meets the present hedge-line; the SE ditch gradually falls from this position. At the time of visit the field containing the cropmark was under a winter crop; that to the NE was in permanent pasture, and the field to the NW was temporary grassland. The farmer has neither seen any remains of the camp nor made any finds. The Roman road, Dere Street (now the A1) is 5kms to the SW but the River Swale and its flood-plain intervenes. (2)


This camp has been re-assessed in connection with RCHME's survey and publication of Roman Camps in England. The following descriptive account is taken from the published text.

The cropmarks of the S angle of a camp were recorded in 1991 on the E side of Lower Swaledale, 1.2 km NE of the confluence of the Swale with the River Wiske, and about 250 m S of Breckenbrough Castle Farm (NMR AP SE 3783/6-9 (3a). The camp occupies a slight hillock, at about 30 m above OD, in gently undulating terrain. The ground rises gently towards the NE part of the enclosure and there are good views in all directions. Although only 5 km to the E of Dere Street, the site is relatively isolated from other known military sites. Only about 80 m of the SW side and approximately 200 m of the SE side are visible. The cropmark of the SE ditch is broken for 17 m, about 130 m from the angle; this is presumably a causeway for a gate, a suggestion strengthened by the fact that there is a slight change of alignment in the ditch at this point. Geological features obscure the cropmarks in the position where a traverse might be expected. Full information is included in the NMR Archive. (

Breckenbrough
Temporary Camp
North Yorkshire, SE 37618396